Tally sticks blockchain wikipedia
Can blockchains and other distributed ledger technologies deliver significant social good? Or will they have disastrous consequences for humanity? Or — perhaps more likely — neither? DLT infrastructures offer a means of replicating records of transactions of any unit of value, not necessarily financial to mitigate risks to the system such as fraud.
This is tally sticks blockchain wikipedia a world away from — but on a larger, digital, cryptographic-enabled tally sticks blockchain wikipedia to — the cuneiform contracts of ancient Mesopotamia or Medieval European split tally sticks. DLTs have come to be imagined as serving a tally sticks blockchain wikipedia infinite array of potential purposes. Tally sticks blockchain wikipedia the roots of DLTs are in the Bitcoin blockchain and bound with the illicit associations of its no-middle-men transactions, many distributed ledger tally sticks blockchain wikipedia and activist and commercial use cases have begun to proliferate — from enabling ethical consumerism and fooddiamond or fashion supply chain management to intellectual property rights in music.
In this field, intriguing, promising, but also problematic emergent tally sticks blockchain wikipedia and practices proliferate. DLT projects multiply around a variety of themes in socioeconomic development: Disberse are tracking the distribution of aid; UN World Food Programme are providing blockchain-enabled emergency cash assistance in Jordan to identity management cf.
The central thread of tally sticks blockchain wikipedia research will follow and examine the techno-political imaginaries and effects of Tally sticks blockchain wikipedia in such domains. Thus far, tally sticks blockchain wikipedia work has found that these projects are all at very different stages, mostly embryonic tally sticks blockchain wikipedia anticipated, and all employ and oscillate quite wildly between a variety of DLTs and associated blockchain dreams, not knowing how the technology will eventually manifest itself.
These elements of speculation, anticipation, confusion and ignorance, I argue, are to be taken seriously. What are the logics and assumptions in emergent B4D discourses and practices? The assumption that immutable transparency is always good is pervasive, but who owns and sees what information? What about the right to be forgotten? All blockchain data is not necessarily good data, and it is often unmoored from its sociopolitical and ethical ties.
As the above findings suggest, blockchain is pinned with myriad assumptions as its potential role in endless domains is exaggerated. Blockchain, one such mythical beast, must not be dismissed as empty hype, nor must we give in to its totalizing allure.
Rather, blockchain is an important thinking tool tally sticks blockchain wikipedia addressing contemporary challenges, for imagining better societies and better development. For me, the important question is: Blockchain dreams are a thought exercise in building accountable, robust trust networks, flattening out power relations, and giving more agency to the recipients of aid.
I am interested in examining: My preliminary research suggests that the possibilities are ultimately limited by the power of market logics, commercial strategies and state interests, and by multifarious unknowns around regulation and law.
For now, DLTs in the future-making, progress-oriented spheres of development are not yet constituted. Blockchain can only be understood as a speculative technology, largely intangible: The aspirations for blockchain for development projects, like DLT work generally, might be characterised as lying on a spectrum from incorporative to radical Swartz One contribution I seek to make to digital social science is in developing the conceptual tools for tackling an ethnographic object in the making.
My preliminary research with blockchain in the development industry shows that examining the techno-political imaginaries and effects of contingent, speculative sociotechnical assemblages requires attention not just to anticipation and aspiration, but also to confusion and ignorance, which I believe are pervasive in the spheres of technology and research.
What will the role of blockchain be in identity management in global contexts where population control regimes proliferate to the detriment of the many? Radical projects seek to create disintermediated, peer-to-peer, decentralized sociotechnical arrangements, which fit nicely with participatory development agendas about providing the recipients of aid with greater agency, e.
Making Ignorance an Ethnographic Object. The Anthropology of Professionals in International Development. New York and Oxford: Culture and Economy in a Time of Crisis. Margie is a doctoral researcher at the Oxford Internet Institute. She is an anthropologist of digital infrastructures and international development. Her current research is about blockchain technologies, transparency, power and futurity.
Selected references Floridi, L. The Right to the City: Digital Control in Value Chains: Challenges of Connectivity for East African Firms.